Sleep apnea is a sleeping disorder wherein a person experiences pauses in breathing or has shallow breath during sleep. There are three kinds of sleep apnea, and they are classified depending on what is causing the breathing problem.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea: the most common kind of sleep apnea, wherein a person has overly relaxed muscles, especially in the throat area. This results into narrower airways and less adequate breathing.
Central Sleep Apnea: a kind of sleep apnea wherein a person’s brain has continuously failed in giving signals to breathing muscles, so the person completely stops breathing from time to time.
Complex Sleep Apnea Syndrome: a combination of obstructive and central sleep apnea.
But how can a person know that he or she currently has sleep apnea? The best way is to consult a medical professional, but there are also symptoms they can look out for themselves, such as the following:
- Difficulty in breathing during sleep, as observed by another person
- Extreme drowsiness during daytime
- Snoring loud enough to make it a disturbance
- Suddenly waking up because of short breath
- Waking up feeling unsatisfied with sleep
- Waking up with a dry mouth
These symptoms, however, are not exclusive to sleep apnea. Some of them can surface even if a person doesnâ€™t have sleep apnea. For example, extreme drowsiness during daytime may mean that the person has just failed to get adequate sleep the prior night because of other reasons. The core symptom of sleep apnea is breathing problems.
According to the website of Silent Night Therapy, untreated sleep apnea may lead to medical complications, such as diabetes and cardiovascular problems.
Breathing problems put the body into panic mode, so it has the tendency to release stress hormones that may influence blood glucose levels. This puts patients with sleep apnea at risk of increased blood glucose level conditions, such as diabetes.
Struggling for air also means that the body will experience oxygen problems, and this may put a strain to the heart, resulting into high blood pressure, unwarranted heart attacks, irregular heartbeats, stroke, and sudden death.
Getting inadequate sleep may also result into physical and mental problems, including anxiety, depression, fatigue, irritability, and poor mental capabilities, especially in terms of alertness and concentration.
Is your business just getting off the ground, or maybe just had its best quarter? Regardless of where you are in the entrepreneurial process, a business lawyer can improve your business’s efficiency and preparedness by lending their expertise. Here are three differences a business lawyer can make for your company.
If your business if just starting out, the smallest decision can have major implications for the future of your company. A common decision entrepreneurs must make is how to file ownership of your company. Questions of partnership and liability arise during this stage, and a thorough understanding of each option is necessary for the health of your business.
If you’re a little farther along, you may find yourself in need of a dispute resolution specialist. Whether you are dealing with a disgruntled employee or dissatisfied contractor, it is crucial to have a strong understanding of your rights and obligations as a business owner. According to the Austin lawyers at Slater Pugh, Ltd. LLP, when one party of a business agreement does not honor an agreement or contract, it can dramatically impact other parties to the agreement, including substantial financial losses. For this reason, hiring a business lawyer to review all aspects of your business is a smart step to take.
Is you are selling your business you face a whole host of legal hoops to jump through. Sales and mergers are heavily regulated, and the smallest regulatory misstep can be the difference between a successful sale and starting from the beginning. Hire a business lawyer to review all contracts and file the proper paperwork to ensure your sale runs smoothly. Do not allow your hard work to be for not by entering into a sale unprepared or unaware.
Common White Collar Crimes
When we say crime, the first things that come to mind include violence, injuries, and deaths. But there are crimes out there that are not harmful in the physical sense, but can affect the lives of the victims regardless, like white collar crimes. White collar crimes are crimes committed by business and government authorities, mostly involving money and assets and not violence.
But what are the common types of white collar crimes? They are listed below so you can prevent yourself from committing them or fight against anyone who is committing them.
Bribery refers to the offering, giving, or receiving of goods with the intention of changing the behavior or at least influencing the action of the recipient, who is most of the time a person in charge of business, public, and legal sectors.
Goods may come in many forms, such as money, property, and and advantages such as free food, sponsorship, and promotion.
This is the criminal offense of obtaining a good through force, intimidation, threats, and other forms of pressure. The most common goods include money, property, and services. To be liable for extortion, a party does not necessarily need to receive these goods. There only needs to be proof that a victim has been receiving threats of violence in exchange for the goods.
This is the act of altering or imitating an object such as a document with the intention to deceive and change public perception. Forgery does not always focus on the object itself, but on how the object tries to prove something.
If someone is using your personal information, such as your name, identification number, and credit card number, to have a financial advantage or any kind of benefit under your identity, that person may be held liable for identity theft. These cases usually put the victim in a disadvantage, like financial losses unwarranted crimes under his name.
Other white collar crimes include copyright infringement, cybercrime, embezzlement, fraud, money laundering, and ponzi scheme, all of which put you in some kind of disadvantage. But what if you are the one who has been charged by a white collar crime? It is best to get legal help, such as the Columbia criminal defense attorneys at Truslow & Truslow. Criminal offenses should be taken seriously, as they can have devastating effects on your future, such as in the aspect of finance and future employment.
The following are specific cases of diagnostic errors committed in emergency departments:
A young man who complained of severe headache and nausea was rushed to the emergency department twice, his headache much worse than earlier when he was first rushed there. In both instances, he was simply diagnosed as suffering from viral infection and so was sent home. Two days after, he died due to massive brain hemorrhage.
A 42-year-old woman was diagnosed as simply suffering from chest pains. Two hours after she was discharged from the emergency department, she suffered a heart attack.
A male teenager complained of fever and chills; however, the medical staff at the emergency department sent him home after he was given Tylenol. He died a little later due to blood infection, a condition called sepsis.
Diagnostic error is the most common type of medical mistake doctors and nurses in emergency departments are guilty of. This type of mistake includes delayed diagnosis and wrongful diagnosis, which may actually be results of misjudgment of symptoms. Diagnostic error can lead to an injury that is more serious; in certain cases, it can lead to patient death.
The National Center for Health Statistics says that about 113.9 million Americans were rushed to emergency departments in 2003 due to life-threatening situations. Ten years after this, instead of the declining, the number jumped to 133.6 million.
Emergency departments are fast-paced environments where a medical team must provide the immediate attention required by all those who are brought there. Though medical needs differ from one patient to another, treatment must be fast, but with caution and accuracy, so as to prevent patients’ conditions from worsening or from not being treated at all. However, many of these fast-paced and over-crowded environments are understaffed, resulting to frequently overworked team members.
As pointed out in the website of the law firm Schuler, Halvorson, Weisser, Zoeller & Overbeck, P.A., doctors are charged with the very lives of those in their care. While patients always hope that the medical professionals who treat them will provide them with the very best in care, the unfortunate reality is that medical professionals do not always live up to the standards of the profession, exposing unsuspecting patients to carelessness and recklessness that can have life-altering, and even fatal, results. Due to this, it is important to send a strong message to the medical community that carelessness will not go unnoticed or unpunished.
One very important thing a jet ski owner should remember, including, by the way, someone who has rented a jet ski, is NEVER lend it to a neophyte or first time user (you should not lend it as well to an experienced but one you know to be a reckless operator).
A jet ski may be smaller than a boat and looks so easy to use, but this speedy and erratic vessel can be as powerful and fast as a much larger boat. Due to the still growing market for jet skis, manufacturers saw it fit to also increase its power; thus modern jet ski engines can now reach speeds of over 70 miles per hour with its more than 250 horsepower engine. This new engine makes jet skis faster and, thus, more thrilling . . . and also more deadly.
According to the U.S. Coast Guard’s 2007 report, excessive speed accounted for nearly 15 percent of the 1002 PWC-related accidents. For the same year, the U.S. Coast Guard said that the number of registered vessels (motorboats and personal water crafts) totaled to 12,875,568 (from 8,557,857 in 1980). This means more-crowded waterways which, in turn, means increased hazards. And with the speed of modern jet skis having increased, inattentive, inexperienced and reckless operators, as well as all others who try to have fun on the water, have so much more to worry about.
A study conducted by researchers from the University of Florida showed that accidents which involved jet skis produced far worse injuries than other boating accidents. The most common injuries resulting from jet ski accidents include:
- Concussion due to serious blow to the head;
- Broken wrist, which usually occurs after collision with another watercraft or a solid object;
- Spinal cord injuries due to trauma to the back; this happens when an operator is thrown off the vessel due to collision or choppy water;
- Burns, which result from particularly bad crashes; and,
- Fractured ankle.
According to a Charleston boating accident attorney, jet skis present an excellent opportunity for fun on the water; however, serious injury can result when jet skis are operated by someone who fails to exercise good judgment or follow the law. Due to these, it would be advisable that victims of accidents immediately contact a boating accident lawyer who can help assess the situation and the extent of liability of the at-fault operator.
Slips, falls and trips are very common accidents in the US. But though these accidents can happen anywhere and to anyone, the ones most prone to these are older adults and seniors – people aged at least 55 years old.
Injury facts records from the National Safety Council (NSC) reveal that more than 8 million slip and fall accidents occur in the US every year. Some of the most common causes of these accidents include: wet, oily, or icy floors and surfaces; unreliable staircases; uneven, loose and broken floors, sidewalks, steps, and stairs; unsecured carpets and rugs; and, hidden or tangled extension cords.
When a person slips and falls, everyone else, sometimes even the victim, would think that there is on one else to blame for the accident except himself/herself. In the eyes of the law, however, blame may actually be on the owner of the property where the accident happened, instead of on the victim. This law is called premises liability.
Legally speaking, premises liability refers to a landowner’s answerability for certain types of injuries suffered by anyone on his/her property where an unsafe condition exists. Besides injuries due to slips, trips or falls, premises liability also includes in its scope any type of injury that may result due to falling objects, electrocution, open excavations, broken benches or chairs, and so forth.
Property owners, especially owners of public places, like malls, supermarkets, restaurants, food courts, playgrounds, swimming pool areas, hospitals, government offices, churches, etc., have the responsibility of keeping their premises free from risks of accident at all times, lest they face legal complaints or a premises liability lawsuit from someone who gets injured while inside their premise. For the legal right to seek compensation from the property owner, however, it may be necessary for the victim to prove that the property owner was negligent in making sure that his/her property is kept from risks of accidents.
According to the website of the Abel Law Firm, proving a landowner’s negligence is not always easy. Also, the premises liability law is complex, and each victim’s case is affected by a variety of factors.
The spinal cord is a cylindrical bundle of nerves enclosed in the spine. This highway of nerve fibers connects the brain to the whole body, making it possible to perform body functions and respond to stimuli. If any part of the spinal cord or the nerves at the end of the spinal canal is damaged, spinal cord injury occurs. A spinal cord injury irreversibly compromise sensation, strength and function of the affected body parts, and so being diagnosed with it is definitely life-changing.
According to the website of The Mokaram Law Firm (view website), car-related incidents caused by negligence are always among the possible causes of an injured spinal cord. Falling badly from high places may also result in this condition. Acts of violence, such as gunshot and knife wounds, may also result in a damaged spinal cord. Diseases such as arthritis, osteoporosis, cancer and spinal cord inflammation, alcohol use, and recreational injuries also account for some spinal cord injury cases.
A person with a damaged spinal cord may suffer from either complete or incomplete loss of sensory and motor functions. Furthermore, they can also be referred to as either paraplegia (paralysis of the lower body) or quadriplegia (paralysis of the upper and lower body). Individuals with spinal cord injury may also experience some of these complications:
- Circulatory problems
- Bowel control
- Bladder control
- Partial or complete loss of skin sensation
- Spasticity (uncontrolled tightening) or flaccidity (reduced or loss of tone) of the affected muscles
- Respiratory problems (because of lack of control of abdominal and chest muscles)
- Compromised sexual health
- Depression because of loss of independence
Studies are underway to discover treatment that would aid in spinal cord regeneration or improvement. For now, healthcare professionals are focused on therapies, medications, and other treatments that would reduce nerve damage, prevent secondary complications, and empower patients to reclaim their independence.
How can you detect abuse if it’s even really there in the first place? Some survivors can claim that for years, they never even thought they were in an abusive situation until they were made aware of what constitutes as abuse. Some people may even think that it’s their own fault and that they deserve to be abused – as is only an all too common psychological occurrence that happens, unfortunately enough.
So take the example of nursing home abuse: how can you be certain?
With child abuse, the child can sometimes grow into adulthood with understanding of what constitutes as abuse and either strongly advocates against it or replicates the behavior. Abuse regarding adults can then be difficult to determine since most adults are already aware of their rights against being abused, right?
Little do some people know that neglect or insufficiency can actually constitute as nursing home abuse. A Tennessee personal injury lawyer would probably say that nursing homes have to abide by a certain standard care in order to fully serve as a nursing home. This means that homes must have enough capable on-call staff and facilities in order to provide the kind of individualized care that each of the admitted charges require.
Are there any rooms within the facilities that are off-limits for reasons that are questionable or unjustifiable? Are your older relatives whom you have entrusted into a home’s care exhibiting behavior that may tell that something wrong is afoot such as sudden reluctance from physical contact or uncharacteristic subservience? Are they not getting the daily medication that they require, thereby making their condition worsen since they were initially admitted?
These are some ways you may at first be notified if the nursing home of someone you know is abusive but in order to be truly certain and proceed with legal action, it is advisable to contact an experienced professional first.
The main reason that most people would consider filing a personal injury lawsuit is to cover actual expenses they incurred because of the injuries they sustained. These are called economic damages, and usually includes medical bills, actual and projected loss of wages, cost of medical aids or devices, and life care. According to the website of Schuler, Halvorson, Weisser, Zoeller & Overbeck, P.A., the financial burden can be devastating. However, there is also another type of damages, which are less quantifiable. These are non-economic damages and usually includes emotional distress, and of course pain and suffering.
In most cases, the plaintiff is suing the liability insurance company of the defendant, directly or indirectly. This is nothing new to insurance companies, and they routinely offer a settlement to avoid the costs of court litigation. The settlement will depend on various factors that insurance adjusters include in the compensation formula to calculate the monetary worth of the claim. When they know that, then they can start negotiating.
The compensation (or damages) formula is necessary when non-economic damages are involved. Economic damages are easy to compute because these are actual costs supported by receipts, pay slips, and so on and so forth. Non-economic damages, on the other hand, are not a fixed figure. Who can say how much a person’s pain is worth? Insurance must, and do, estimate non-economic damages using what they call medical special damages.
Medical special damages are the sum of all injury-related medical expenses. The insurer multiplies this sum by a factor ranging from 1.5 to 5, depending on the severity of the injury and the physical pain involved. As a rule of thumb, the more obvious the extent of the injury, the higher the multiplier. The lost income is then added to this number. The final figure constitutes the start point of the settlement negotiations.
Most insurers will start low, hoping the plaintiff will be just as anxious to settle as they are. This is the value of an experienced personal injury lawyer. Good Iowa car accident attorneys know how insurers estimate their liability, and how to compel them to use a higher multiplier. The plaintiff is much more likely to get a better settlement if they get the right lawyer to go to bat for them.
Court reporting in a legal case is a lot like the function of flour or eggs in a cake. It is not the star of the show, but without it, the whole thing will fall flat. It would be overly dramatic to say that court reporters are unsung heroes, but according to the Stratos Legal website, the success of a legal firm depends on the dependability of the court reporting service it has.
Court reporters serve an important function in legal documentation: they make it official. The active function of court reporters is to transcribe the spoken word into writing, but more importantly, they can certify that it is true and correct. Not all transcribers can do that. Court reporters undergo specialized training and pass certification exams to practice in a particular state.
Aside from doing transcriptions of court and administrative proceedings, court reporters are also responsible for taking down depositions. A deposition is the testimony of a witness taken outside the courtroom. A court reporter is there not only to take it, but also to certify that what is in the written document is what the witness actually said. Court reporting also includes the video recording of settlement documentaries and other legal and other proceedings.
A certified court reporter is able to provide real-time reporting and provide a rough draft of the proceedings when necessary. The court reporting service may also provide an online repository for clients so that they can access their transcripts, videos, and exhibits at anytime from anywhere. This can be a crucial accommodation when time is of the essence.
Just like in any profession, not all court reporting services are good. You need to exercise due diligence when selecting a service to do court reporting tasks for you. Get referrals from other law firms and check out online reviews of the various court reporting services in your area to get started.